More than 93 million Americans are obese, and around 100 million more are overweight. If you have tried a variety of diet programs to lose weight and not had any success, weight loss surgery may be an option for you. Understanding the different surgical options and the lifestyle modifications that you will need to make can help you and your doctors to create a comprehensive weight loss plan that will be successful.
Although not a comprehensive list of weight loss surgery options, this is a sampling of the services provided at the Weight Loss Surgery Institute. Each patient’s needs are different, and a free consultation can help you and the doctor determine the best weight loss surgery option for you.
Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy Procedure
The sleeve procedure is a restrictive surgical method in which about 75% of the stomach is removed. This procedure drastically reduces the number of appetite-stimulating hormones that your body produces. You will not feel as hungry, and when you do eat, it will take less food for you to feel full. This procedure is not reversible and is designed for people with a BMI of 35 and who have a co-morbid condition or for people with a BMI of 40 or higher.
Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass Procedure
The bypass procedure creates a small stomach pouch so that you eat less at each meal and reroutes the intestine slightly in order to eliminate appetite-stimulating hormones. After the surgery, the stomach has one small pouch where your food will be and then a larger, remnant portion that remains attached but unused. This procedure is also for people with BMIs of 35 or higher.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch Procedure
The switch procedure involves removing about 67% of the stomach. The doctor then rearranges the intestines. Pancreatic enzymes and bile drain directly into the intestines so that there are fewer side effects such as “dumping syndrome.” This procedure is not reversible and is designed for people with a BMI of 35 or higher and a co-morbid medical problem or for people who have a BMI of at least 40.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band
The gastric band procedure is for people with a BMI of 30 to 39. It involves the placement of an adjustable silicon belt (Lap-Band) around the upper part of the stomach. The band has a port that the doctor fills with fluid. The fluid fills up the balloon that squeezes the band closed, causing you to feel full.
The gastric balloon surgery is the placement of a fluid-filled balloon into the stomach. The balloon stays in the stomach for no more than six months. There is an additional diet program for six more months.